HOW: Formatting PC

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HOW: Formatting PC

Post by tradians on Fri Jun 20, 2008 9:56 am

HOW: Formatting PC

Pre-installation checklist
Before you install XP, there are several things to consider.

1. Check system requirements
2. Make sure your hardware and software is compatible
3. Make sure you can boot with your CD drive
4. Consider upgrading your BIOS
5. Run the Files and Settings Transfer Wizard
6. Backup your data
7. If using an Upgrade CD, be sure to have qualifying media

Note that the XP Home and Pro Setup procedure is subtly different.
I'll make it obvious when certain steps are for Pro- or Home-only.

1. Insert the Windows XP CD-ROM and reboot the computer
If you see a message about hitting any key to boot the CD, do so now.

Otherwise, you will see a message about Setup inspecting your system.



2. MS-DOS portion of Setup begins
In the first stage of Setup, you will see a series of blue and gray MS-DOS-based screens. In the first step, you will be asked to press F6 if you need to install any third-party or RAID drivers.

Then, you can press F2 to initiate the Automated System Recovery (ASR) tool, a new XP feature that lets you recover non-booting systems from XP Setup. Ignore this.

Finally, Setup will load the files it needs to start a bare bones version of XP. This may take a few minutes.



3. Welcome to Setup
Finally, Setup begins. In this step, you can set up XP, launch the Recovery Console (another, more complicated system recovery tool), or quit.

Press ENTER to continue Setup, and it will examine your hard drives and removable disks.


4. Read the license agreement
Next, you'll have to agree to Microsoft's complex licensing agreement. Among the highlights: You don't actually own Windows XP and you can only install it on one PC.

No one reads this, I know, but it's probably a good idea to at least check it out.

Hit F8 to continue.


Upgrade versions only:
4b. Insert qualifying media
If you are attempting to clean install with a Windows XP Home or Pro Upgrade CD, you will see this screen, which requires you to insert your previous Windows CD in order to verify that you qualify for the Upgrade version.

Curiously, it says that you can use CDs from Windows NT 3.51 and Windows 95 in addition to those from 98, 98 SE, Millennium, or 2000, though these products cannot be upgraded to XP.

Once you've proven that you qualify, hit ENTER to continue.



5. Choose an installation part*t*on
This crucial step lets you choose where to install XP. On a clean install, you will typically install to the C: drive, but you might have other ideas, especially if you plan to dual-boot with 9x. Setup will show you all of your available disks (in this case, just one) and let you create and delete part*t*ons as needed. So, for example, if you have one disk, but would like to create two part*t*ons, one for XP and one for your data, you can do that here.



6. Select the file system
If you created a new part*t*on, or wish to change the file system of an existing part*t*on, you can do so in the next step. Generally speaking, I recommend going with the NTFS file system, which is more secure than FAT.

Regardless of which file system you choose, be sure to select one of the "quick" format options (the top two choices), if you do need to format, since these will work much more quickly than a full format.

In this example, I've selected an existing FAT32 part*t*on and elected to format it in NTFS format.



7. Optionally format the part*t*on
If you did choose to change or format the file system, this will occur next. First, you'll be asked to verify the format. If you're installing XP on a system with more than one part*t*on, especially one that still holds your data on one of the part*t*ons, be sure you're formatting the correct part*t*on.

Hit F to continue, and a yellow progress bar will indicate the status of the format. When this is complete, Setup will again examine your disks, and create a list of files to copy.



8. Setup folder copy phase and reboot
Setup will now copy system files to the system/boot part*t*on(s) you just created. This will allow the PC to boot from the C: drive and continue Setup in GUI mode.

When the file copy is complete, Setup will initialize and save your XP configuration. It will then reboot your PC.

When the system reboots, you will probably see the "Press any key to boot from CD" message again. If this happens, do not press a key: Setup will now boot from your C: drive. In the event that you cannot prevent the CD-based Setup from reloading, eject the CD and reboot. Setup will ask for the CD when needed.



9. GUI Setup begins
Once the system reboots, you will be presented with the GUI Setup phase, which is much more attractive than the DOS-mode phase. As you progress through GUI Setup, you can read promotional information about XP on the right side of the screen if you're bored.

next, your hardware devices are detected. This could take several minutes.


10. Regional and language Options
In the first interactive portion of GUI Setup, you can choose to customize the regional and language settings that will be used by XP, as well as the text input language you'd like. Users in the United States will not normally need to change anything here.

Click Next to continue.


11. Personalize your software
Now, enter your name and, optionally, your company.

The name you enter is not the same as your user name, incidentally, so you should enter your real name here (i.e. Paul Thurrott or whatever).

Click Next to continue


12. Enter your product key
Now you must enter the 25-character product key that is located on the orange sticker found on the back of the CD holder that came with Windows XP. You cannot install XP without a valid product key.

Later on, you will be asked to activate and optionally register your copy of Windows XP. A product key can be used to install XP on only one PC.

Click Next to continue.


13. Enter a computer name and administrator password
In the next phase of Setup, you can create a name for your computer (which is used to identify it on a network) and, optionally in Pro Edition only, a password for the system Administrator, the person who controls the PC (this will generally be you, of course).

Setup generates a random name for your PC, but it's always nasty looking, so I recommend renaming it to something more logical (Pauls_PC or whatever). After Setup is complete, you can provide a better description of the PC too (like Paul's desktop computer or whatever).

In XP Pro, the Administrator password is optional--that is, you can leave it blank--but I strongly recommend that you provide a good password here for security reasons. XP Home doesn't allow you enter an Administrator password, as this account is more hidden on Home installs for some reason. So you can only enter a machine name in Home Edition.

Click Next to continue.




14. Supply your date and time settings
Next, you can supply the date and time, which are auto-set based on information in your BIOS, and the time zone, which is irritatingly set to PST, which is where Microsoft is. Change these as appropriate.

Click Next to continue.


15. Network setup
If you have a networking card or modem, Setup now installs the networking components, which include the client for Microsoft networks, File and Print Sharing, the Quality of Service (QoS) Packet Scheduler, and the TCP/IP networking protocol by default.



16. Choose networking settings
In this phase, you can choose to keep the default settings (recommended) or enter custom settings. I recommend later disabling QoS, but for now, it's generally best to leave it as-is, unless you have specific needs dictated by your ISP or network.

Note that XP doesn't include the legacy NetBEUI protocol out of the box. If you want to use this protocol, you will need to install it later from the XP CD-ROM.

Click Next to continue.


Windows XP Professional only:
16b. Enter workgroup or domain information
In Windows XP Professional only, you will be able to select a workgroup or domain name next. Home Edition doesn't work with Windows domains, however, and Setup will automatically supply the workgroup name MSHOME, which you can change later. The default workgroup name in XP Pro is, imaginatively, WORKGROUP. I recommend changing this; I use the workgroup THURROTT at home, for example.

Click Next to continue.


17. Setup completion
From this point on, Setup will continue to completion without any further need for interaction, so this is a good time to grab a drink or a snack.

Setup will now copy files, complete installation, install your Start Menu items, register system components, save settings, remove any temporary files needed by Setup, and then reboot.

Again, you will probably see the "Press any key to boot from CD" message on reboot. If this happens, do not press a key, and your new XP install will boot up. You can remove the XP Setup CD now.



18. First boot
You'll be greeted by the XP splash screen on first boot (this actually appears briefly when you rebooted into GUI Setup as well).

The splash screens for XP Pro and Home are subtly different.

Windows XP Professional Edition only:


Windows XP Home Edition only:


19. Change display settings
Users with CRT monitors and some LCDs (such as laptops and flat panel displays) will see a Display Settings dialog appear, which asks whether you'd like XP to automatically set the resolution. This will generally change the resolution from 800 x 600 to 1024 x 768 on a CRT monitor, or to the native resolution of an LCD display.

Click OK and let XP change the resolution. Then, accept the settings if the screen display changes and can be read. If you can't see the display, it will time out after 30 seconds and return to the sub-optimal 800 x 600 resolution.

Click OK to accept the screen resolution change.


20. Welcome to Microsoft Windows
Now, you are presented with XP's "Out of Box Exerience," or OOBE, which presents a silly wizard to guide you through the final set up of your PC.

Click Next to continue.


21. Network setup
In the opening OOBE phase, you are asked to set up your network/Internet connection, which is required for activation and registration. If you selected the default networking configuration during Setup and know it will work (because you're connected directly to a cable modem, perhaps, or are on a local area network), then select Yes (the default). Otherwise, you can select No and then Skip.

We'll assume that your network is up and running and select Yes.

Click Next to continue.


22. Optionally activate and register Windows
If you selected Yes in the previous step, you are asked if you'd like to activate Windows XP. This will tie your copy of XP to the current PC semi-permanently, so be sure this is what you want. Activation requires a connection to the Internet, but you can perform this step later if you want (and don't worry, XP will annoyingly remind you of this fact every time you boot the machine until you do so).

I recommend selecting No here, since you can activate later easily enough. If you do select Yes, you are asked whether you'd like to register the product. Unlike activation, registration is optional.



23. Set up users
Now, you can set up the user names of the people who will be using the PC. You will want at least one user (for you), since you shouldn't be logging on as Administrator. Curiously, each user you do create here has administrative privileges, however, and no password (!). You should set up your users correctly with passwords as soon as possible (see Post-installation tasks, below, for details).

This phase lets you create up to five users. You can create more later, or manage users, using the User Accounts tool in Control Panel.

Click Finish when done creating users. At this point, OOBE ends and you're reading to go. Click Finish again.



24. Logon to Windows XP for the first time
With OOBE out of the way, you're presented with the XP Welcome Screen for the first time. This will list all of the users you created, along with lame, randomized images you can change later (again, see below). When you click on a user name, that account will logon and you'll be presented with the XP desktop. After you create passwords, however, you'll be asked to enter a password before you can logon.



FINISH

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Re: HOW: Formatting PC

Post by ibleed on Mon Jun 23, 2008 3:18 am

hala nice lage ni ai!
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Re: HOW: Formatting PC

Post by tradians on Mon Jun 23, 2008 3:52 am

nice molang

ako nagd na
Laughing
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Re: HOW: Formatting PC

Post by ibleed on Mon Jun 23, 2008 4:17 am

tradians wrote:nice molang

ako nagd na
Laughing


ikaw nagud...dauh gi search rana nimo
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Re: HOW: Formatting PC

Post by tradians on Mon Jun 23, 2008 8:52 am

alangan

unsaun kha pag kabaw ug d magresearch?
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Re: HOW: Formatting PC

Post by ibarragaroti on Mon Jun 23, 2008 8:53 am

bati-a pud ani nga os woi..
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Re: HOW: Formatting PC

Post by tradians on Mon Jun 23, 2008 8:57 am

unsa di OS nimo?
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Re: HOW: Formatting PC

Post by ibleed on Mon Jun 23, 2008 9:20 am

tradians wrote:alangan

unsaun kha pag kabaw ug d magresearch?

sakto sad ka!
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Re: HOW: Formatting PC

Post by tradians on Mon Jun 23, 2008 9:32 am

sak2 jd btaw ko Laughing
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Re: HOW: Formatting PC

Post by fraufrau on Wed Jul 02, 2008 4:20 am

ayaw mo pag ingon ana oi, kay at least gihagoan baya na ni carl.. Rolling Eyes
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Re: HOW: Formatting PC

Post by maya2tweet2 on Wed Jul 02, 2008 8:13 am

bitaw-bitaw sakto aks dai...
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Re: HOW: Formatting PC

Post by yamz15 on Mon Jul 07, 2008 1:05 am



mao jud learn to apreciate others..may lang nah kaysa wala jud gibuhat and isa pa makatabang kau na jud..
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Re: HOW: Formatting PC

Post by rexz on Wed Jul 09, 2008 3:10 am

ibleed wrote:
tradians wrote:nice molang

ako nagd na
Laughing


ikaw nagud...dauh gi search rana nimo

sagdi nalang gud ug gi search! may nalang naa sense iya gipost.
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Re: HOW: Formatting PC

Post by maya2tweet2 on Tue Jul 15, 2008 6:21 am

hala... ukos na si atiii ileed kaw man gud... nawa..
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